Pedestrian “Improvements”: Safety vs. Friendly

Pedestrian Safety and Pedestrian Friendly are often used interchangeably, as if they were the same thing. They aren’t. Designs that are Pedestrian Safe are not necessarily Pedestrian Friendly. On the other hand, designs that are Pedestrian Friendly are always safe.

Pedestrian Bridge: Safe but not Friendly

The pedestrian bridge is a classic example of safe but not friendly. Engineers designed the pedestrian bridge to keep walkers out of the dangers of the street. They may keep the pedestrian safe, but they force people to go up and out of their way just to cross the street. In reality the pedestrian bridge has nothing to do with safety. To Traffic Engineers, pedestrians are obstacles that impede the free flow of traffic. Getting rid of them on the street, by making them go over the street solves two problems, in their eyes.

Safe? Never friendly.

These blockades (photo right) are ubiquitous in San Diego. Any DOT Engineer will tell you that they are installed for the safety of the pedestrian. The truth is, they are installed to keep automobile traffic flowing freely. Pedestrian safe? Maybe. Pedestrian friendly? Never.

On the other hand, pedestrian friendly designs are by definition also pedestrian safe. They make walking comfortable, easy, interesting, and safe. So while $433,000 crosswalk – something The City touts as being good for pedestrians – makes crossing the street at that intersection more safe, it does nothing to make the pedestrian experience of the street better. Had a stop sign been installed instead, crossing would have been safer, and traffic would have been calmed along the entire street. The remaining $430,000 could have been spent on street trees, protected bike lanes, and traffic calming for true pedestrians improvements.

Beg Buttons: Good for traffic flow, not pedestrians.

The difference stems from the Engineers priorities and point of reference. If traffic and cars are the priority, you may get “safe” pedestrian designs, but the object will be to maintain the efficient flow of traffic. When pedestrians are the priority, you get designs that are safe and good for people.

So next time SANDAG or The City says they are doing “pedestrian improvements”, ask yourself, is this design really focused on cars, or is it really focused on making the pedestrian experience safe, comfortable, and enjoyable. Don’t just settle for Safe. Demand Pedestrian Friendly streets.

Walter Chambers
GSSD 

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A New Mobility Plan for a Changed World

The Uptown, North Park, and Golden Hill Community Plans are currently being updated. The Mobility Section of these plans will be especially challenging, because everything has changed since these plans were last written. What has changed?

Growth In a Fix Environment:
In the past our mobility plans were focused on private automobiles. As communities grew, roads were widened and more roads built to accommodate the additional cars.  That cannot happen in these older, streetcar neighborhoods. Why?

1) The street layout has been set for decades.
2) Properties fronting the street are nearly 100% built out.
Unless we start tearing down homes to widen roads or make new streets (not going to happen) these two realities won’t change. Whose homes and businesses are we willing to seize and tear down for wider streets? Who decides?

Hillcrest Streets cannot be widened

Climate Change:
Regardless of one’s position on climate change, the State of California, and The City of San Diego has mandated that we do something about it. That includes reducing car trips and increasing walking, bicycling, and transit. 

SB743: If you haven’t heard of this bill that passed last year, you soon will. It completely changes the way transportation efficiency and transportation’s environmental impact is measure. It changes CEQA, California’s environmental quality law. Cars will no longer be the focus of transportation and environmental planning.

A New Way: Because of the above three reasons, and many more, the Mobility Plans of the updated Community Plans must be very, very different than they have been in the past. 

Uptown 21C: In response, Great Streets San Diego has created a proposal that meets the transportation needs of the 21st Century called Uptown 21C. It’s nothing really new … it’s adapted from policies and plans in Vancouver, Portland, and other progressive cities. And it is working in those cities. Read it for yourself, and let GSSD know what you think. 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 -Walter Chambers
GSSD 
 
 
 
 
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Does Highway Expansion Relieve Congestion?

Apparently not. Yet another study is out showing that widening and building more roads in metropolitan areas does nothing to relieve congestion or reduce delay. This is called “induced traffic”. In other words, if you build it, more cars will come. The result is also an increase in fuel consumption (and one must assume pollution).

DELAY PER CAPITA (Mean Person Hours)

 

So one must wonder, why is the public continually told that projects that widen and expand highways will reduce congestion? 

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The $433,000.00 Crosswalk

Construction is now underway at the intersection of Park Blvd. and Cypress Street for a new crosswalk. Total cost: $433,000.00. No, that is not a misplaced comma.

Some would say that this new crosswalk, with flashing lights and signs is a good thing because it helps pedestrians. To that I say, a Stop Sign would have achieved the same result, would have cost a lot less, and would have been better for the neighborhood in general.

The problem is that Park Blvd is designed like a freeway with straight, wide travel lanes that go uninterrupted for blocks. By the time cars reach the Cypress Street intersection, cars can, and do, travel at 40-50 mph. The street is designed to be unsafe for people walking and bicycling.

So San Diego’s solution to an over-engineered street that kills pedestrians is an over-engineered crosswalk. It’s a freeway style solution to a freeway-like problem. Unfortunately, it does nothing to improve the street, calm traffic, or make the rest of the street safer for people walking or biking.

Flashing Crosswalk

Worse yet, with its strobe-like flashing yellow lights and flashing signs, the visual pollution to this quiet residential section of Park Blvd is horrendous. 

A Stop Sign would have achieved better results, at a much lower cost to install and maintain. However, if the City was still hell-bent on spending 1/2 Million dollars to make Park Blvd safe, it would have better spent the money on traffic calming, narrowing lanes, protected bike lanes, and … a stop sign. 

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The right to live in the suburbs

I was honored and happy that Voice of San Diego published an op-ed that I wrote about density. I was also pleased to see the comments section light up with arguments for and against density. It’s a conversation that needs to happen.

There is one argument that I find interesting, although ill-informed. It is essentially, “ I have the right to live in the suburbs, and government policy should accommodate everyone wherever they choose to live.”

To that I say, yes – you do have a right to choose wherever you live — as long as you are willing to pay for it.

Low density developments are essentially government subsidizes. Land Use in low density areas is so financially unproductive that it is impossible to build and maintain the infrastructure needed for them to exist. Not only do the streets, sewers, water, utilities, etc cost more to initially install, suburbs do not generate the tax revenue required to maintain them. The suburbs are draining city government coffers at an alarming rate. Is it any wonder San Diego has $3 billion dollar infrastructure deficit?

Low density land use

It not just suburban infrastructure that cost the rest of us. Required services like fire, police, garbage, libraries and schools also must be subsidized. We even pay to bus suburban kids to school because it is usually too far for them walk. 

In the USA, citizens have generally agreed that subsidizing freeway construction is worthwhile because it helps increase the movement of goods and services – and therefore increases the GDP. However a 2-3 hour commute to work is not productive. Not only do the extra cars on the road cause congestion and slow the movement of goods, but they cause wear on the freeway, and damage the environment. Gas taxes and tolls (user fees) only cover about one-half the cost of highways – the rest comes from the general fund.

Sure, you can live in low density areas – IF you will pay extra to maintain your infrastructure, bus your kids to school, pay a carbon tax to offset your car dependency, and pay tolls for highway maintenance … along with many other hidden costs.

If the government subsidizes anything, I would prefer we, as a society, subsidize housing for the poor and homeless, instead of subsidizing housing for a middle class fantasy of living the “good life.”

If you can afford to live the life of the “landed gentry”, good for you!  Congratulations. Just don’t expect the rest of us to pay for it.

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Squeezing into those old, outgrown jeans

I haven’t worn a size 32 waist since college. Yet it doesn’t stop me from trying to squeeze into an old pair of  jeans I keep around “just in case”. The fact is, I’ll never be a 32 again, no matter how good of shape I am in.  I suppose we can all dream, though.

Soon, the traffic in Uptown won’t be able squeeze into its existing street system, based on projected growth. For that matter, neither will the traffic in Downtown, North Park, or Golden Hill.

The Dream

As Uptown, North Park and Golden Hill consider Mobility Plans for their Community Plan Updates, it’s important to ask, “How will we grown without becoming overwhelmed and chocked by car traffic?” 

If they do nothing, or even the same thing, these communities will face a future of congestion, gridlock, and declining quality of life. 

There is a solution. By simply adopting policies that emphasize and prioritize walkable, livable, bike friendly communities – outcomes most people say they want – these urban San Diego neighborhoods can emerge as better and healthier places to live. Sound impossible? Read Uptown 21C and then decide.

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Growing a City

Cities are organisms like people. So, “Urban Planning” has always seemed to be an odd thing to me. It’s akin to attempting “Child Planning”.

As every parent know, there is no such thing as planing a child’s life for the next 25 years. The best “Child Planning” anyone can do is provide a set of fundamental values and priorities, set a good foundation, and then stand back and let them grow up. Too heavy a hand, and they grow up to be dysfunctional.  Too loose and they can be a mess too.

Yet, Planning departments too often use a heavy hand, trying to dictate every little bit of growth, every lot use, every car, every building, everything. Not surprisingly, it never turns out the way they wanted, and the heavy hand usually begets some form of dysfunction. 

The best thing a City’s Planning Department can do is to set fundamental priorities, values, and goals, create a good foundation, and then stand back and let the city grow. Use a gentle hand in making sure the values and priorities remain in focus. But just like a Parent, letting go is the hardest, but most important part of growing up.

Ease up Planners. 

Walter Chambers
GSSD 

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Right Sizing Uptown

The hot topic in Uptown is the Community Plan Update (CPU), with special emphasis on building heights. Is there a right size building height for Uptown? Yes there is – and No there isn’t. 

The streets of Uptown are about as diverse as its populace. There are narrow streets, there are medium width streets, and then there are the behemoths like University, Washington, and Park Blvd.

So when talking about building heights, how could one size fit all? It can’t. There is no “one size fits all” for Uptown. A 65 foot tall building isn’t going to look or feel the same on a narrow street as it is on a 100 foot wide street. That is impossible.

However, there is a right size building height for Uptown. 

What does Uptown Want?
Listen to Uptown residents and most are saying they want a human scaled, walkable, neighborhood that is somewhere between the high-rises of downtown, and the  low-rise no-place of suburbia. Can that desired outcome be translated into building heights?

Too Tall

Too Small

There is a lot of evidence, knowledge and studies on how building heights effect the feel and perception of a neighborhood and the street. The secret (not very well kept) is the ratio of the building height to the width of the street (called HWP). 

For Uptown, a building height to street width ratio between 1:2 to 1:1 is perfect for the desired place-making outcome of a comfortable, pedestrian oriented, human scaled, yet urban environment. A maximum building height in Uptown of 1:1 HWP, and minimum building heights of 1:2 can easily be added to the Community Plan Update.

Confused? Don’t be. It is simple. Here are some examples:

University Ave between 5th and 1st Streets:
Street width = 62 feet
Max. Bldg. Height = 62 feet
Min. Bldg. Height = 31 feet

East of highway 163, University Avenue becomes much wider.
Street width = 100 feet
Max. Bldg. Height – 100 feet
Min. Bldg. Height = 50 feet

A maximum height of 1:1, and minimum height of 1:2 gives Uptown a variety of building heights that fit each neighborhood. It is nuanced, yet simple. Pairing these ratios with architectural design guidelines such as building setbacks after 3 stories, windows and doors to the street, and interesting materials, Uptown would have the foundation for good urban design and great place-making. Click here is a more detailed proposal from Great Streets. Also, see the Great Streets St Louis website for an explanation of HWP with graphics and pictures.

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Documenting Hillcrest’s Parking Problem

Parking is a contentious issue in Hillcrest, – or at least the perceived lack of parking. Lately the issue has threatened to delay, dumb-down, or even derail the construction of really great, protected bike lanes on University Avenue.

University Avenue from 10th to Center Street

I thought I would check into the parking problem along University Avenue in Hillcrest. I photographed on-street parking from 10th Avenue to Center Street, at approximately 1o:oo am, 12:00 noon, 3:oo pm, and 5:00 pm. This area is home to shops, restaurants, and small professional businesses.

The findings: There is no parking problem. There was plenty of available on-street parking, in each block, at each time of the day I photographed the street.

The problem, at best, is a parking management problem. At the worst, Hillcrest has been conned by a small group that is spending tens of thousands of public dollars to “fix” a parking “problem”, instead of improving our streets with better sidewalks, street trees, bike facilities, and managing the existing parking.

As you can see in the photographs, plenty of on-street parking was available at each time of the day in each block.

10:00 AM

Parking is nearly completely empty with very little traffic

 

12:00 Noon

One might expect more parking issues at the lunch hour, but there were still plenty of open parking spaces on each block.

 

3:00 PM

Available parking at 3:00 PM is similar to 10:00 AM

 

5:00 PM

5:00 PM had the busiest traffic, and most full parking, especially from Normal to Richmond. However, the parking spots on Normal Street were still nearly completely empty.

Hillcrest should demand accountability from the Hillcrest Parking District before the District is allowed to spend more public money on creating additional parking, (especially free parking), and before the District tries to negatively influence the SANDAG Regional Bike Plan.

Walter Chambers
GSSD 

 

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Re-Imagine

Recently, we were asked to “Imagine”. Now it’s time to really imagine, San Diego - to Re-Imagine.

What is Re-Imagine Urban San Diego? It is a vision for a truly high quality, urban life in the heart of San Diego. It is a vision that says we can no longer plan for San Diego’s future in the same way we have done in the past.

Part reality check (no, we are not yet a world-class city), and part dream, Re-Imagine Urban San Diego dares and challenges San Diego to imagine beyond our self-imposed limitations. 

“San Diego doesn’t suffer from a lack of imagination, or a failure of imagination, as much as it suffers from a timidity of imagination.” 

The ideas may seem radical to some, and common sense to others. In this world, sometimes common sense is radical. However, in order to change, we must start dreaming, thinking, and acting differently, now.

“It’s our generation’s duty to dream big, think differently, and act urgently. Doing the same thing is no longer an option. The dream needs to be big, and it needs to start happening now.”

GSSD challenges San Diego to really imagine. We can make San Diego a world class city for the 21st century. Let’s start now, and Re-Imagine Urban San Diego. 

Walter Chambers
GSSD 

 

 

 

 

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